When a person gets wounded, burned or undergoes surgery, a scar may appear in the damaged skin area. Skin problems that come from fungal, bacterial or viral infections like acne, herpes, and allergies may also leave behind the tell-tale sign of tissue damage. Stretch marks are also considered as scars. The knees, elbows, and chest area scar more easily than the other areas of the body.
There are 3 kinds of scars which are atrophic, hypertrophic, and keloidal. Atrophic scars cause an indentation in the skin, while hypetrophic ones are elevated but will subside after a certain period of time. If the scar is a keloid, it is shiny, dome-shaped, and is larger than the wound. Keloidal scars can feel itchy or painful when touched. All scars start of looking red because as the tissue heals when new cells are formed, there is an increase in blood flow. When a scar get larger, is red or darkens, remains raised, or is itchy or painful, there is need to consult a doctor.
Scars can be prevented or the risk of their appearance can be reduced by having proper wound support, keeping it hydrated, and making the healing process more effective. First, properly cleanse the area. A sterile environment is conducive to skin regeneration. Keeping the wound clean is needed to remove any dirt and prevent bacterial activity. Next, treat with topical antibiotics. Placing a layer of antibiotic ointment on the wound promotes faster healing and helps prevent infection. When the wound has completely healed, massage the side of the scar with a gentle pressing motion with the use of the fingers, pushing towards it for one minute. Move the fingers and repeat to break down the thicken collagen bonds which are one of the main causes of scar formation.
Scar prevention products may be placed on the wound during the healing process. One of these products is emu oil, which is used by the Aborigines of Australia to treat burns, wounds, and inflamed joints, and is widely accepted as an alternative medicine. Another herbal scar prevention product is Manuka Honey, that when applied creates a healing environment for the wound because of it’s antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial properties. Scar prevention creams that contain the herb extract of Centella Asiatica may also aid in wound healing. There are scar prevention creams specially formulated to prevent stretch marks.
Silicon gel sheets are used for damaged skin repair because it works as a protective barrier from bacteria, helps the area to remain moist and allows the air to circulate around the wound. It is a thin, transparent, pliable adhesive pad that is applied to the affected area to hasten the healing process and can reduce the itching sensation that occurs when the damaged skin heals. There are other scar prevention products that have silicone as a main ingredient and these are presented as creams, gels, in stick, and in liquid form.